技术的自由实施 (FTO) 尽职调查意见书:是什么?为什么 重要?

FREEDOM TO OPERATE OPINIONS: WHAT ARE THEY, AND WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT?

技术的自由实施尽职调查意见书是由一名有资质的知识产权律师出 具的法律意见,得出是否能够在不侵犯另一方知识产权的情况下制 造,使用,出售或要约出售一个商业产品或流程工艺的结论。尽管  法律上没有要求公司在将新产品,工艺或服务推向市场之前必须 获得技术的自由实施尽职调查意见书,但是其可以作为一项提前采 取的措施,帮助公司在今后可能出现的专利侵权诉讼中应对对方提 出 故意侵权以及获得三倍赔偿的主张。一份技术的自由实施尽职 调查意见书不仅最大限度地降低诉讼风险,其还可以最大限度地降 低潜在投资者对于公司产品,工艺以及服务适销性的担忧。

A freedom to operate opinion (FTO) is a legal opinion from a qualified intellectual property attorney that concludes a proposed commercial product or process may be made, used, sold, or offered for sale without infringing another party’s intellectual property rights. Although there is no legal requirement for a company to obtain an FTO opinion before taking a new product, process, or service to market, obtaining one can be very beneficial as a preemptive measure to aid in defending a company in patent litigation against assertions of willful infringement and exposure to treble damages. By minimizing litigation risks, an FTO opinion can also minimize potential investors’ concerns about the marketability of the company’s product, process, or service.

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